- Vasospasm of the digital arteries
- M Raynaud (1834-1881) French physician. He was the son of a
university professor and graduated from the medical school in Paris in
1862. He submitted a thesis which described his syndrome and
established his name in medicine. He commenced his medical studies with
the help of his uncle, A GM Vernois, the well-known Parisian physician.
He never achieved a senior appointment in any of the Parisian hospitals
but he was attached to the Hotel Dieu, Laboisiere and the Charite
Hospitals on different occasions. He was made an officer of the French
Legion d'Honneur in 1871 and elected to the Academic de Medecine in
1879. He always wanted to hold a Chair of Medical History in Paris, but
died before the International Medical Congress in London in 188.
His address on "Scepticism in Medicine, past and present" was read by
one of his colleagues. He wrote a book "Medicine in Moliere's time" and
an article on Asclepiades of Bathyinia. He was an excellent teacher and
fine clinician. He died suddenly after some years of cardiac disease.
- Pressure over the left iliac fossa causes pain in the right iliac
fossa in acute appendicitis.
- T Rovsing (1862-1927) Danish surgeon. Professor of Surgery,
University of Copenhagen. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen
in medicine in 1885 and in 1899 was appointed Professor of Operative
Surgery. Initially this appointment did not provide him with hospital
beds and he therefore commenced a private surgical nursing home to
overcome this problem. In 1904 he was put in charge of the Fredericks
Hospital as senior surgeon and largely due to his advocacy for better
surgical accommodation, the Rigs hospital was commenced in 1905 and
opened in 1910. Always a forceful and imposing individual, he was in his
element when questioning time honoured principles and is said to have
shattered the reputation of iodoform as an antiseptic. Primarily famous
as an abdominal surgeon, he wrote extensively on diseases of the bladder
and gall bladder and became internationally recognised. He acquired a
financial interest in a medical journal which he subsequently owned and
finally presented to the Danish Medical Society which gives some idea of
his entrepreneurial capacity. In 1926 he was forced to retire due to
heart disease and later was diagnosed as having a malignancy of the
larynx for which he received X-ray therapy without avail. Although time
has shown his sign not to be of diagnostic value, he played a major role
in promoting surgery in Denmark.